As the Indian civilization boast of having a rich history, there are many regions in India which are truly old and do command an excavating look into it. Shekhawati, which literally means Garden of Shekha or Land of Shekhawat Rulers, is a semi-arid region in the northeast part of Rajasthan. This is one of the most popular regions in Rajasthan that is comprised of the districts of Jhunjhunu and Sikar. Origin of Shekhawati does not have any authentic evidence, although it is a conceived notion that they came into existence in the beginning of the 17th century, even before the Englishmen landed in Indian shore.
The Shekhawats, who were considered to belong to one of the dignified and sophisticated race, are still noted for their immense creditability. Shekhawati acquired its name from the Rajput Kachhwaha chieftain Rao Shekha (King Shekha). Those who are eager to know about Shekhawatis, will have a striking revelation in the fact that Shekhawati was established by Shekhawat Rajputs and they continued to rule till India’s Independence. Gradually, the Shekhawati became the largest Nizamat of Jaipur State. Although the exact dates of Origin of Shekhawati is shrouded under various controversies, the fact that a political confusion took placed between 1818 to1835, which led to the fragmentation of Shekhawats.
The credit of building many Forts, Castles, and Palaces goes to the brave Shekhawats who also established many Thikanas (Administrative Districts or feudal states), towns and villages in Shekhawati. If you browse through the history of Shekhawati, you will realize the richness and cultural legacy these tribes had. After defeating the Kaimkhanis, the brave Shekhawat Rajputs started their reign in the parts like Jhunjhunu, Fatehpur, Narhar etc. this is the beginning of their glorious reign, which prospered. Their virtuous deeds are being documented in the famous Ain-e-Akbari. As the Origin of Shekhawati has so many events, you can easily dig inside the pages of history and find out the achievements of this rarely found clan.
Fresco painting, Haveli and Castles of Shekhawati
The Shekhawats built forts in their thikanas. At every thikana in Shekhawati, there was a fort. More than 50 forts and palaces were built by Shekhawat Rajas. Today, many of them are hotels
In Shekhawati, frescoes were initially introduced by Shekhawat Rajputs in their forts and palaces. Later on merchant families started to paint frescoes in their havelis homes. The towns in Shekhawati are known for their painted havelis. This region has been recognized as the “open art gallery of Rajasthan” having the largest concentration of frescos in the world.